SEND – what do these terms mean?

Special Needs has many different strands to it so below are just some examples of names we may hear from SEN and SEND co-ordinators but not fully understand.

Asperger’s Syndrome – Diagnosis is for those who have difficulty communicating, difficulty in social relationships and lack of understanding of how people feel.

Behavioural, Emotional and Social difficulty – is used for those whose behaviour, social and emotional difficulties present a barrier to learning and participation.

Bipolar Disorder – Bipolar people experience mood swings from periods of overactive, excited behaviour to deep depression.

Complex Learning Difficulties and disabilities – These conditions overlap and interlock creating a complex profile.

Dyslexia – Dyslexia sufferers have difficulty with the written word. It can affect reading, spelling, writing, memory and concentration.

Dyspraxia – This is a generic term to explain a range of movement difficulties.

Elective mutism – Those sufferers of this emotional disorder means that sometimes the person can speak fluently but it other situations they remain silent.

Multi-sensory Impairment – Those with MSI experience a combination of visual and hearing difficulties and whilst many think they are deaf/blind they could have some residual sight or hearing.

Semantic disorder – difficulty in understanding and using the meaning of words.

Specific Language Impairment – Difficulty in understanding and/ or using spoken language.