These are a few ideas for teaching learners who are learning English and have to read for meaning.
Before reading a book give the children the words needed to understand the important parts of the text. Where appropriate allow the child to revert back to prior language via internet machine translators to access their prior learning. Give them the time needed to answer allowing them to process in their mind.
Their process could include reading it in English, reverting back to previous language understanding what is meant in prior language and then finding the words to explain this in their first language and then back into English. All this can take time so try not to get too impatient as they practice. Think about when you try to translate in a language you know, what process do you go through?
By allowing this to happen it develops the pupils minds and they have a clear understanding of what the written word is conveying. In turn this allows the child to develop a secure understanding of the text and characters.
When the child falters allow them to read a sentence and then encourage them to read it again this time more fluently to help them practice and develop their fluency. Keep a regular check on each child’s comprehension to ensure they are fully understanding the new words. Where possible put them into context so that when the child next sees the same letter formation they feel confident at reading it aloud.
Then ask each child in a the group to read part of the story. Question them to ensure understanding and also check their fluency but importantly make it a secure environment where they can try out new sound sensations.
When questioning develop their sentence level via a game e.g. put their hand in a bag and pull out a word related to the new text they are reading.
- Ask them to find a word e.g. beach
- Read out the word
- Then ask them to create a sentence e.g. I went to the beach
- and finally extend it by asking them what they did e.g. I went to the beach and swam in the water.
- Review and repeat the sentence to ensure concrete understanding.
- Above all make it enjoyable.