Lithuanian Alphabet

I just came across this Lithuanian ABC which I was saving in my files…not much use there… not sure where it came from but it may be useful as many Lithuanians are now arriving in European and American countries.

The alphabet has 32 letters made up of 12 vowels and 20 consonants – no wonder the children get confused. I just manage the five vowels in English!

The AlphabetAa Ąą Bb Cc Čč Dd Ee Ęę Ėė Ff Gg Hh Ii Įį Yy Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Ss Šš Tt Uu Ųų Ūū Vv Zz Žž

Balsės (Vowels) 12 vowels
Aa Ąą Ee Ęę Ėė Ii Įį Yy Oo Uu Ųų Ūū

Priebalsės (Consonants) 20 consonants
Bb Cc Čč Dd Ff Gg Hh Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Pp Rr Ss Šš Tt Vv Zz Žž

Aa – agurkas
Ąą – ąsotis
Bb – baltas
Cc- cukrus
Čč – čiuožikla
Dd – dangus
Ee – erelis
Ęę – ęsame
Ėė – ėriukas, eglė
Ff – fėja, futbolas
Gg – gintaras
Hh – herbas
Ii – Inkaras
Įį – įdomus
Yy – yla
Jj – juokas
Kk – katinas
Ll – liūtas
Mm – mama
Nn – namas
Oo – oras
Pp – pagalba
Rr – ranka
Ss – saulė
Šš – širdis
Tt – teta
Uu – ugnis
Ųų – metų
Ūū – ūsai
Vv – vaikas
Zz – zebra
Žž – žolė

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Lithuanian Language – The right to be taught in your mother tongue is treasured.

This week in the Times Education Supplement (TES) I saw this story which I thought everyone reading this blog would be interested in. They are correct the mother tongue should be cherished and treasured. Liz

In any other country in Europe, the notion of Poles and Russians making common cause on the streets would raise eyebrows. The history of distrust between the two countries – often boiling over into loathing and violence – is a long and unpleasant one.

But not so in Lithuania. An unlikely pairing was forged last year when the government passed a law that extended the teaching of subjects in the Lithuanian language to minority Polish, Russian and Belarusian schools. It also introduced a measure that would see children from minorities take exams in Lithuanian. The right to be taught in your mother tongue is a long-cherished one in this former outpost of the Soviet Union. As such, these minorities view the changes as highly discriminatory.

For centuries, the borders between Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia have expanded and withdrawn many times. And from the 16th to the 18th centuries, Poland and Lithuania were effectively the same nation, conjoined in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Even today, a native Vilnius taxi driver will converse with customers in Polish. But in Russian, never.

Of the three Baltic States – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania – the Russian language is arguably the least welcome in Lithuania, where the indigenous population far outnumbers the minorities. By contrast, in the Latvian capital, Riga, Russian speakers evenly match those of Latvians. The hostility towards Russian in Lithuania owes much to its domination by the Soviet Union before and after the Second World War.

Poland, too, has its many issues with the Big Bear to the east, due to years of conquest and then post-war Communist domination. This is one reason why the sight of thousands of protesters from all the national minorities in Lithuania marching together was such a novel one – not least because, alongside the many banners in Polish, there were a handful in Russian, too. Those on the rally platform outside parliament spoke in a variety of languages, including Lithuanian, and drew applause from all sections of the crowd. As an apparent display of conciliation, many demonstrators held small Lithuanian tricolour flags, in among a wave of Polish red and white.

As with other countries, it is never pleasant when matters in the classroom become the source of nationalistic spite. Indeed, ahead of the demonstration in March, fears were stoked in the media that far-Right elements from Poland were being bussed into Lithuania to cause trouble. In turn, Lithuanian extremists held protests at the Polish embassy in Vilnius, demanding that their minority in Poland be accorded the same rights “enjoyed” by Poles in Lithuania.

Since the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, nationalism has been unleashed in the former Communist countries of Europe. While some try to build bridges, others are ever ready to tear them down. And on occasion, schooling gets caught up in these tensions